American Express 11 Tears Memorial
Lobby of American Express Headquarters (at the World Financial Center)
The American Express memorial honors its 11 employees killed on 9/11. A 600-pound, tear-shaped Brazilian quartz, carved with 11 sides, is suspended at the center of the memorial. The quartz hangs from 11 thin cables over the center of a black, granite pool with 11 sides. The names of the victims who worked for American Express are inscribed on the sides of the pool.
Designed by lower Manhattan artist Ken Smith
Bell of Hope
209 Broadway (at St. Paul’s Chapel)
London presented the bell to City of New York one year after 9/11. The Bell of Hope stands in the churchyard of St. Paul’s Chapel as an enduring memorial, rung on occasions when the parish pays tribute to victims of terrorism. Following the tradition of the FDNY’s salute to fallen comrades, the chapel’s clergy tolls the bell in four sets of five rings. The bell has been rung following the London, Madrid, and Mumbai bombings, and for the Virginia Tech shooting victims, and on 9/11 anniversaries.
British Memorial Garden
Hanover Square, Intersection of Hanover and Pearl Streets
The garden, designed by the British Memorial Garden Trust and completed in 2006, is a living memorial and public park in Hanover Square in lower Manhattan’s Financial District. The British Memorial Garden features hand-carved stone from Scotland and plantings from Prince Charles’s estate. It commemorates the 67 British citizens who died in New York on 9/11.
Designed by Isabel and Julian Bannerman, 2006
Zuccotti Park, Intersection of Liberty Street and Trinity Place
“Double Check” is a bronze sculpture that was added to Liberty Plaza Park in 1982. Relatively undamaged after 9/11, “Double Check” stayed in the park during the recovery effort, and soon became covered with tributes. When the sculpture was returned to the sculptor for repairs, Johnson also created a new cast of the sculpture with all of the tributes attached. This new sculpture was called “Makeshift Memorial,” and is located in Liberty State Park in New Jersey, overlooking the WTC site from across the Hudson River. The repaired “Double Check” returned to its original location in the park which was rebuilt and renamed Zuccotti Park. The sculpture represents the hundreds of business people who come to the park during the day for relaxation, fresh air and renewal.
Created by J. Seward Johnson, 1982
FDNY Memorial Wall
Greenwich Street (at Liberty Street)
The memorial wall is located at the FDNY Ladder Company 10 Engine 10 firehouse, directly south of the WTC site. The firehouse lost five firefighters on 9/11. The 56-foot long, bronze wall was unveiled in 2006 as a gift from the law firm of Holland & Knight and its charitable foundation under the direction of Brian Starer. The wall serves as a tribute to the 343 of the FDNY and is dedicated to one of the firm’s partners, volunteer firefighter Glenn J. Winuk who perished on 9/11. Depicting the equipment and tactics used on September 11, 2001, the wall displays the names of every active FDNY member, who was killed in the collapse of the towers.
Designed by Viggo Rambusch, 2006
Battery Place, Battery Park
The Sphere once stood between the twin towers on the Austin Tobin Plaza and placed temporarily in Battery Park. The large metallic sculpture, created by German sculptor Fritz Koenig, was commissioned by the owner of the WTC, the Port Authority of New York and New Jersey, in 1966. Following 9/11, the sphere was recovered from the WTC site. It remained structurally intact, but was visibly damaged. On March 11, 2002, the sphere was re-erected and rededicated in Battery Park as a memorial to the victims of 9/11.
Created by Fritz Koenig, 1971
New York City Police Museum: 9/11 Remembered
100 Old Slip
Dedicated to preserving the history of “New York’s Finest,” the New York Police Museum is home to a permanent multimedia exhibit that educates the public about and honors and the sacrifices made by, the members of the NYPD on 9/11. The exhibit features first-person interviews, photographs and artifacts.
St. Paul’s Chapel
209 Broadway (at Fulton Street)
Built in 1766, St. Paul’s Chapel is Manhattan’s only remaining colonial church, and stands directly across from the WTC site. On 9/11, St. Paul’s was saved from severe damage by an uprooted tree that helped to buffer the impact of the towers’ collapse. The chapel served as a comfort station during the nine month rescue and recovery effort after 9/11, offering pews as beds for exhausted recovery workers. One of these pews is expected to become part of the 9/11 Memorial Museum’s vast collection. The chapel itself houses an exhibit, entitled “Unwavering Spirit,” which includes artifacts from the relief effort and honors those lost in the attacks of 9/11. In the days and months following 9/11, visitors, workers, and volunteers transformed the fence around St. Paul’s Chapel into an impromptu memorial for those killed by posting banners, flowers, notes, and missing posters.
Tribute WTC Visitor Center
120 Liberty St.
The Tribute Center offers a place where members of the 9/11 community can connect with the thousands of daily visitors to the WTC site. Through walking tours, exhibits and programs, the Tribute Center offers person-to-person history, linking those who want to understand 9/11 with those who experienced it first-hand.
Broadway (at Wall Street)
The uprooted tree that protected St. Paul’s Chapel has been made into a bronze sculpture by Steve Tobin. The Trinity Root can be seen outside Trinity Church.