The nearly 3,000 names of the men, women, and children killed in the attacks of September 11, 2001 and February 26, 1993 are inscribed in bronze on parapets surrounding the twin Memorial pools.
Memorial designer Michael Arad explains that the design concept “allows us to place the names of those who died that day next to each other in a meaningful way, marking the names of family and friends together, as they had lived and died." The names on the Memorial are arranged in a way that reflects the lives of the individuals they represent: their relationships with other victims, the companies they worked for, and where they were on 9/11. Most broadly, names appear in one of nine groupings that are marked out by raised letter headings on the Memorial:
World Trade Center (North Pool): those who worked in or were visiting the North Tower (1 World Trade Center)
Flight 11: the crew and passengers of American Airlines Flight 11
February 26, 1993: those who were killed in the February 26, 1993 bombing of the World Trade Center
World Trade Center (South Pool): those who worked in or were visiting the South Tower (2 World Trade Center) and other areas of the WTC complex: WTC buildings 3, 4, 5, 6, and 7, the concourse, the plaza, sub-grade, and surrounding areas
Flight 175: the crew and passengers of United Airlines Flight 175
Pentagon: those who worked in or were visiting the Pentagon
Flight 77: the crew and passengers of American Airlines Flight 77
Flight 93: the crew and passengers of United Airlines Flight 93
First Responders: for the purposes of grouping on the Memorial, a first responder is defined as a recipient of the 9/11 Heroes Medal of Valor awarded by the White House on September 9, 2005
Within those groupings are affiliations, many that correspond to companies. While affiliation names will not be inscribed on the Memorial, the names of victims from the same affiliations (for example, the names of employees and visitors to a company, or the members of each flight crew) will be together.
In the first responders section, names are arranged according to agency (for example, the New York City Fire Department) and unit (for example, Engine 10), as confirmed by the agencies. Both agencies and units have raised letter headings on the Memorial.
As part of the 9/11 Memorial’s official names verification process completed in 2009, victims’ next-of-kin made specific requests for names to appear adjacent to their loved one’s name (“adjacency requests”). Some of these requests were for relatives, friends, and colleagues; others were for loved ones to be listed with people they may have barely known or just met, but with whom intense bonds were quickly formed as a result of shared response. Over 1,200 of these requests were made and all are reflected on the Memorial. In fact, these requests drive the ordering the groupings on around the Memorial pools, the affiliations within them, and in many places, the placement of the names themselves.